Does God Exist? Science Answers
Proof for Gods existence ultimately climaxes when a person experiences God themselves. Personally, they meet God, putting away permanently doubt, and skepticism. Although someone can personally testify that they know God, personal experience is not evidence for those who are skeptics, for those who have not had that experience. Although personal experience is valid for the individual, it’s not valid as evidence for someone else. So we are going to examine 7 evidences for the existence of God that we believe a reasonable mind will embrace.
The claim we stand upon is that “since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities -his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse.”(Romans 1)
Now it’s time to look at the evidence, and test this claim.
Life, observably, always comes from life. Never once has anyone ever observed that life has come from non-life. Because this idea is unobservable, untestable, and unprovable, it’s categorized with those ideas that are labeled ‘unscientific’. To say that life spontaneously arose from non-life is at best an unjustified conjecture about the past. The idea that life originally arose from something living – is justifiable – because the idea has been demonstrated feasible through observation.
The second point that builds a case for Gods existence is that there must be an uncaused cause. We know that the universe had a beginning. Even those who support the Big Bang theory as it’s currently understood believe that the universe, because it’s expanding must be finite. Physicists in the US and Germany have used two fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics to perform a high-precision test of Einstein’s general theory of relativity. The researchers exploited wave-particle duality and superposition within an atom interferometer to prove that an effect known as gravitational redshift – the slowing down of time near a massive body – holds true to a precision of seven parts in a billion.
Gravitational time dilation is also a widely accepted theory throughout the scientific community. It demonstrates that time is a physical property, affected by gravity. Therefore the designer, the creator of time, must be beyond time, outside time, in order to have created it. This renders the question; ‘who created God’ unreasonable, unscientific, illogical. God, by nature is demonstrably eternal.
The third point to build the case for Gods existence is complexity itself. “Creation cries complex, credible creativity, constant stability, the possibility, of only an intelligent facility, to bring together the designed order that we know so intuitively.” A great parable to express this concept is this:
Modern Day Parable
“There was a boat out deep in the ocean. The boat began to sink, and there was one survivor who made it to a life boat. He remained there until he eventually found himself washed up on an island. Because he was alone, he began to think to himself; ‘is there intelligent life on this island?’
As he walked down the beach, he saw what looked like an arrow head. He thought; ‘this might be intelligently designed, or it might just be a rock that looks like an arrow head’.
As he continued walking down the beach, he found an iron hammer. He reasoned to himself; ‘someone more intelligent than a mere tribesman must have been here. Iron requires a furnace, iron ore, charcoal, limestone, and a complex process to transform it from pig iron, to cast iron. It then has to be molded into the shape of a hammer, requiring artistic ability.”
He veered off the beach, and started to ascend a hill. He got to the top of the hill and found a light tower, with solid foundations, structural design, and electricity. He thought to himself; ‘someone more intelligent again was here. Someone that understands how electricity works, hand how buildings need to be designed to with stand weather elements.”
What was the prevailing theme throughout this story? Each instance, he stumbled across more complexity. The basic concept is this; it’s reasonable to believe that the more complex something is, the more intelligent the designer had to have been. It’s also true of the opposite; it’s unreasonable, unscientific, unjustified to believe that as complexity increases, intelligence decreases.
This argument applies these same principles to what we see in the world around us. The complexity of the cell is absolutely mind blowing. Its processes are so well defined, and intricately functional.
DNA is a complex coding system that put’s to shame any language mankind has ever created. To add to its complexity, we don’t even entirely understand it, yet within this language all information for human life is stored.
The intelligibility that the complexity of this magnitude demands renders all arguments against an intelligent designer to be foolishness. The fundamental idea that as complexity increases, intelligence decreases, is foundationally flawed. It denies everything we observe, rendering the idea absolutely unscientific. This is one of the reasons why scripture declares that the fool says in his heart; “There is no God.” Intuitively, we understand this.
It’s also important to understand that the existence of chaos does not render design unnecessary. All it does it reveal that something has gone wrong. If I were to build a house that both looked and functioned great, then returned 10 years later to examine the house I left for rent, and found that things had fallen apart, certain things didn’t work correctly – reason would say, something went wrong. The same is true of our universe.
So the complexity of the building blocks of nature reveals that the designer is incredibly intelligent. Things as we see them are not perfect, but that doesn’t mean that they never were at one point in time perfect.
The fourth point which builds the case for Gods existence is the power of the designer. Complexity establishes the necessity for incredible intelligence. But the uncomprehendable vastness of our universe comprising trillions and trillions of known stars, these giant balls of fire, galaxies, the laws of gravity, the fine-tuned conditions for life – these reveal that the intelligent mind behind all of this must also be incredibly powerful to be able to hold everything together, to be able to sustain it all.
At this point, we have now demonstrated that a living, eternally powerful, incomprehensibly intelligent being, brought into existence our universe. This is the definition of God. We are now going to continue, and demonstrate some of the attributes that belong to this God, from science.
The fifth point investigates morality. The designer of any system alone has the right to define rules for that system. If a person were to design for example a computer program, they would also set the rules for that program. Those within the system would be expected to abide by those rules. Likewise, this same God who is eternally powerful, and incomprehensibly intelligent, alone has the right to define the rules for the universe they created. Whatever the rules may be, all moral agents within the system are expected to abide by those rules. As human beings we have a proclivity towards appealing to moral absolutes. Whenever anyone says ‘You should’, they appeal to a standard outside themselves. Moral absolutes demand a moral law giver. Moral relativists cannot say; ‘You should’, or ‘You should not’, because there is no reason to believe their standard of morality is any more reasonable then another. However, in a universe that was created, there is an absolute standard of morality. Whatever this standard is, it is the definition for ‘Holiness’ and ‘righteousness’. Therefore, not only is God eternally powerful, and incomprehensibly intelligent – but he is also, Holy, and righteous.
The sixth point investigates purpose. The designer of a system also defines the purpose for whatever they create within that system. In the IT world, when something does not function according to the purpose that it was designed, it’s called a bug. In order for the system to work properly, those bugs need to be either fixed, or removed. In the medical world, when something within the body does not function properly, it’s called a virus. Medicine seeks to fix, or removed viruses. Likewise, within the universe that God has created, he has defined the purposes for those things he has created. When something that does not conform according to that purpose, God has the right to fix the problem, or, if the problem is unwilling to conform to the right purpose, God also has the right to remove the problem. As human beings, we have an intuitive desire to seek out purpose. Meaning in life or purpose, are only reasonable if there is an outside purpose giver. Otherwise we are left to define our own purpose, which is essentially meaningless in a cosmic sense. However, we have demonstrated now that an eternally powerful, incomprehensibly intelligent, Holy, righteous, purpose defining, and living God does exist – therefore we are responsible to seek out what that purpose is.
The seventh and final point to investigate is rationality itself. We have rational minds. Our ability to reason relies on knowledge, understanding, wisdom and experience. We have already demonstrated that God is incomprehensibly intelligent. His wisdom transcends ours by limitless degrees of magnitude. He experienced creating the universe itself. Therefore, his ability to reason goes far beyond ours. God is transcendently rational.
These scientific evidences demonstrate that an eternally powerful, incomprehensibly intelligent, transcendentally rational, living, Holy, righteous, purpose defining, life giving God exists.
In summary, we have looked at 7 evidences for Gods existence. Since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities -his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse.
Hopefully, this has moved you from the position of skepticism, to a place where you want to find out who this creator is.